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Fabric composition test

Fabric composition testing

Fabric composition test is required for organisations like textile manufacturers, import and export houses and R&D institutes, to carry out research and investigation of fabric properties.

In the case of traditional fabric, fabric testing composition for single-layered fabrics was easily identified by the fibres in the fabrics and other parameters. Tests like optical, density, chemical, staining and burning tests are used and suitable in this case.

But concerning innovations and the development of new fabrics, there are several different new parameters of fabrics that come into the market.

For fabric like industrial fabrics and technical fabrics of high-performance fibres, multilayer fabrics with different combinations of materials such as non-woven, woven, films and paper, phase change fabrics, electrically conductive fabrics and so on, testing of fabric composition need new methods besides traditional ones based on traditional textile fibre identification. 

When testing composition for any fabric is taken place, fibre identification is necessary as the first check. 

New testing methods for fabric composition are ‘quantitative fibre mixture analysis’ for fabrics by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), using the environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) method to characterise the surface and interface and dynamic properties of fabrics. 

Other methods for fabric testing include micro IR spectroscopy, the near-infrared spectral image measurement system for water absorbency of woven fabrics, the technique using capillary electrophoresis/mass spectrometry (CE/MS) for identification of dyed textile fibres, thermo-gravimetry (TG) analysis and computer image processing technology on fabric testing.

Microscopic evaluation by optical test method is accurate enough to identify individual fibres in the fabrics with their density and physical information.

DSPAT Fabric composition test
Fabric composition test

Questions - 

  1. What are the different uses of fabric?
  2. What properties are required for various use of fabric?


Booth, J. E. :. (n.d.). Principles of textile testing an introduction to physical methods of testing textile fibres, yarns, and fabrics. London: National Trade Press Ltd,1961. from

Cenote, M. (2015). Google Books. In The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law (pp. 847–858). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Ferreiro López-Riobóo, J. I. (2015). Long-term (2001–2012) study of a proficiency testing scheme for textiles. Accreditation and Quality Assurance20(4), 239–245.

TEXTILE VALUE CHAIN. (2020, May 5). Textile Testing and quality control. TEXTILE VALUE CHAIN.

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