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Fabric comfort

Fabric comfort

Fabric comfort is defined as "the absence of unpleasantness or discomfort" or "a neutral state compared to the more active state of pleasure” by Bekesius. The zone in which the temperature, moisture, and air circulation are properly matched is called the ‘comfort zone. 

In another word, the comfort of the fabric provide user temperature regulation, a peaceful wear experience, Provide warmth according to the atmosphere.

This term is used for wearable fabrics, however, the comfort of fabric is a broad term that it also applied to furniture, seat covers of chairs, and vehicles.

DSPAT Fabric feeling
Fabric comfort

In general, Almost all kinds of fabric formation methods and tests are around and related terms of selecting, sizing, and modifying clothing, permeability and fabric handles are dedicated to maximizing the comfort of fabric.

  • The comfort of fabric is distinguished into two main aspects.
  • One is Thermo-physiological wear comfort, which represents the heat and moisture transport properties of clothing and the way that clothing helps to maintain the heat balance of the body during various levels of activity.
  • Another is the Skin sensational wear comfort, which represents the mechanical contact of the fabric with the skin, its softness and pliability in movement, and its lack of prickle, irritation, and cling when damp.
  • As above discussed, comfort is categorized as thermal and sensory. Thermal comfort is primarily an issue of environmental conditions, metabolic rate, fabric characteristics, and clothing construction. Sensory comfort is primarily an issue of pressure, tactile, and psychological perceptions. 
  • Fabric or Clothing on the body tends to reduce radiation loss from the human body by reducing the temperature differences between the body and its near surroundings' atmospheric conditions. (Here, the cloth becomes the significant immediate surrounding for the body.)
  • Fabric comfort has a vital part to play in the maintenance of heat balance as it modifies the heat loss from the human skin surface and at the same time has the secondary effect of altering the moisture loss from the skin. 
  • However, One type of single-fabric cloth is not suitable for all occasions. I.e. - A fabric cloth that is suitable for one climate is usually completely unsuitable for another. 
  • Moisture has a big impact on thermal comfort, but also on sensory comfort. This sensory comfort may change with different activity rates and environmental conditions, along with different garment designs.
  • The main fabric properties such as insulation, wind-proofing, waterproofing, and moisture vapour permeability are important for maintaining thermal comfort.
  • The ultimate goal of textile comfort measurement is to fully account for the many variables along with their interactions that describe clothing comfort across all reasonable activity levels and environments. 

Questions -
  1. Define ‘fabric comfort’.
  2. Brief about fabric comfort.
  3. Why maintaining good fabric comfort is important?


Booth, J. E. :. (n.d.). Principles of textile testing an introduction to physical methods of testing textile fibres, yarns, and fabrics. London: National Trade Press Ltd,1961. from

Cenote, M. (2015). Google Books. In The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law (pp. 847–858). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Ferreiro López-Riobóo, J. I. (2015). Long-term (2001–2012) study of a proficiency testing scheme for textiles. Accreditation and Quality Assurance20(4), 239–245.

A measure of comfort. (n.d.). from

Bishop, P. (2008). Testing for fabric comfort. In J. Hu (Ed.), Fabric Testing (pp. 228–254). Elsevier.

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