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Introduction of Textile testing

Introduction of Textile Testing

Textile Raw materials lab

DSPAT Textile testing lab
Textile testing lab



  • Testing any textile product is a vital part of the production process. 
  • To manage the quality of raw materials as well as final production and make it suitable for economical as well as required quality testing is vital to access product performance. 
  • Test results are required to make predictions about product quality and to estimate its value. 
  • This kind of appropriate result of testing is possible with the help of some instruments. 
  • In the modern era, almost all kinds of textile testing are possible with specific instruments digitally, However, in some cases, testing is done manually with one experience to some possible extent. 
  • Concerning time testing for any textile industry becomes more and more important. 
  • In modern industry, almost every textile industry has its own separate testing department.  


Objectives of testing 

  • For any process, selecting proper raw materials is very important, and appropriate material is only selected by testing that particular material. (Without testing, improper raw material causes trouble for the manufacturer and also economically it cause a problem due to the irregular price of that raw materials.)
  • Control and management of the process by frequently testing final materials.
  • The desired quality of the final product is achieved first in the lab and then according to lab parameters, raw materials going to process.
  • Lab parameters are also useful for controlling material passage by adjusting settings in the machine.
  • To improve the quality of the process and other research base activity, a testing lab is useful to decide which path should follow for that aim.
  • To check any specification like which kind of quality of product any industry can produce is decided by its test results. 
  • Frequently samples from production lines and their statical analysis give clarity to production procedure.
  • Assessing the product by the giver as well as the buyer. (Buyer can precheck its raw material and specify it by examining some samples from bulk materials in the previous product line of the giver.)



 Aim and scope of testing

  • In the research base of textile testing, the researcher can easily decide the passage or process of material flow.
  • Any passage or material flow can decide or their parameters can achieve easily achieved by testing.
  • Testing required a skilled and experienced person for proper results, so the work of testing itself gives higher positions to the tester person.
  • The testing department of any textile industry is the heart of that industry. (Therefore, the Higher paid job in that industry generally comes from the testing department.)
  • For any process, required time or money are basically decided from testing, therefore higher knowledge and experience of textile testing probably lead towards making a profit and growth of that industry.
  • Statical analysis and variation in test results can provide decisions about product range and specifications.
  • Investigation of faulty materials from the production line is very easy.



 Classification of textile testing

Testing is of two types. One is routine process testing and another is quality record testing. 

Routine process tests got their testing results quickly even in the working area while quality record testing is recorded for various purposes and used in the future for work.

Textile testing is mainly classified into three category 

  1. Fibre testing
  2. Yarn testing
  3. Fabric testing


For each category, various kinds of parameters are applied and according to those parameters, instruments are developed. 

For testing, any materials sample of raw materials is required and for sampling, certain kinds of methods are developed.


Standard testing methods

In a standard manner following are the different kinds of testing methods

  • European Norms (EN) 
  • American Society of Testing &Materials (ASTM) 
  • American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) 
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 
  • British Standards (BS) 
  • British Standards for European Nations (BS EN) 
  • DeutschesInstitut fur Normung (DIN) 
  • Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)


Cenite, M. (2015). Google Books. In The SAGE Guide to Key Issues in Mass Media Ethics and Law (pp. 847–858). SAGE Publications, Inc.

Fundamental textile testing: Mechanical and Physical Tests. (n.d.). Fundamental Textile Testing: Mechanical and Physical Tests. from

Handbook of textile testing and quality control - Google search. (n.d.). G.Co. from

NPTEL IITm. (n.d.). Nptel.Ac.In. from


  1. What is textile testing?
  2. What are the objectives of textile testing?
  3. Why testing is done?
  4. What are the aim and scope of testing?
  5. Give the classification of textile testing.
  6. Which are the standard testing methods.

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